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What is Stock Market?

This is where the stock of listed companies is traded. The primary market is where companies go public in an initial public offering (IPO) to raise capital.


When new security is sold in the primary market, it is traded in the secondary market. That is, an investor buys shares from another investor at the current market price or at a price agreed upon by the buyer and seller. The secondary market or exchange is regulated by regulatory agencies. In India, the secondary market and the secondary market are managed by the Indian Security Exchange Commission (SEBI). The exchange allows stockbrokers to trade company stock and other securities. Shares can only be bought and sold if they are listed on the stock exchange. Therefore, it is a meeting place for stock buyers and sellers. The major stock exchanges in India are the Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange.



Understanding the Stock Market


Stock Market allows many buyers and sellers of securities to meet, interact and trade. The stock market allows you to price your company's stock and acts as a barometer for the economy as a whole. With so many market participants, we can often be confident of fair prices and high liquidity as different market participants compete for the best price.


The Stock Market is a regulated and controlled environment. In the United States, the main regulator is the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), and market participants are regulated by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA). The stock exchange attracts hundreds of thousands of market participants who want to buy and sell stocks, ensuring fair pricing and transparency of transactions. Whereas former stock markets issued and traded paper-based physical stock certificates, modern computerized stock markets are operated electronically.


Stock Market Mechanisms

In short, the stock market provides a secure and regulated environment in which market participants can trade stocks and other suitable financial instruments with confidence and with little or no operational risk. The stock market operates in accordance with the rules set by regulatory agencies and acts as a primary and secondary market.

As a primary market, the stock exchange will allow companies to issue shares for the first time and sell them to the public as part of an initial public offering (IPO). This activity helps businesses raise the money they need from investors.


This is basically a company splitting multiple shares (eg 20 million shares) and some of those shares (eg 5 million shares) at one price per share (eg $ 10) in general. Means to sell.

To facilitate this process, companies need a market where they can sell these stocks. This marketplace is provided by the exchange. If all goes according to plan, the company will sell 5 million shares for $ 10 per share and successfully raise $ 50 million worth of funding. Investors receive the expected shares of the company in the form of dividend payments in the desired period in anticipation of rising stock prices and potential income. The stock exchange acts as an intermediary in this financing process and receives compensation for its services from the company and its financial partners.


Exchange Functions


Exchanges basically perform the following main functions.

Fair Trade in the Securities Business

In response to current supply and demand rules, exchanges need to provide immediate access to all trading data for all interested market participants. Order and therefore contribute to the fair and transparent pricing of your security. In addition, you need to efficiently match the appropriate buy and sell orders.



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