What is an operating system?
An operation system (OS) is software that is responsible for managing all computer hardware and software resources. It provides common services for computer services. Almost every computer program requires an OS to function.
What is Windows Operating System?
The Windows operating system was released by Microsoft in 1985. It now has the largest user base in the world. With a series of updates over the years, each operating system has a unique graphical user interface that allows users to view files and work on their system. Most of the systems we see today use the Windows operating system designed for x86 hardware, including Intel, AMD, and more. The latest version of Windows is Windows 11, which was released recently.
What is a Linux operating system?
The Linux operating system is an open source operating system that was developed by Linus Torvalds in the early 1990s. Based on UNIX, Linux allows users to modify existing code and create different versions or distributions of it that they can reuse. and even sell. Linux has become the first choice for configuring servers, which is why most websites on the Internet have systems that are compatible with one of their distributions. The operating system is also popular on desktops, mobile devices, consoles, e-book readers, and much more.
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Windows vs Linux, fight between them is on for ages.
1. Ease of use
Linux has improved its level of usability over the years through constant modernization. With the release of distributions like Linux Mint, the installation and configuration process has been simplified. Continuous updates allow people with little or no technical knowledge to install software and perform normal activities such as email, music, and videos, and surf the Internet. Due to the dominance of the Windows market, it is pre-installed on many devices. If you buy a new device, there is a high possibility that it came with a version of the Windows operating system installed. With its dominance in the market, the vast majority of users are already used to its user interface. Plus, the easy-to-use toolbar and easy program installation make it a great choice for new and old users alike.
Because Linux has a large user base around the world, there is massive online support for Linux. The Linux operating system community supports users through forums, question boards, and support websites. The Windows operating system provides easily accessible support through integrated and online help systems, dedicated websites, and forums. Additionally, there are numerous Windows videos and books available online for all skill levels.
Since Linux is open source and can be easily modified, many distributions can be largely adapted to the needs of the user. If you know how to code, you can even change the code yourself and modify the operating system. On the Windows operating system, customization is not easy and there are few customizations available to the user.
When it comes to speed, Linux easily beats Windows. Unlike Windows, Linux tends to minimize "deadlock" when it comes to using multiple processes. The Ext4 filesystem on Linux does a commendable job of keeping the device efficient. Even the reasonable and minimal use of a Windows operating system can slow it down to intolerable and excruciating levels that can only be avoided by following a strict usage schedule. Memory and disk usage are common when using multiple processes.
5. Data protection
In recent years, Windows has been increasingly controlled by advertising. While users can opt-out, Microsoft has now determined its vision for advertising. Also, by syncing with OneDrive and analyzing behavior through Cortana, Windows knows what you're doing on your PC to improve the assistant. Many people like the tools that Microsoft Windows offers, but they are intrusive. Linux users, on the other hand, have an operating system that respects the privacy of its users. Linux devices also have state-of-the-art encryption built-in, which means that users can be more secure and less intrusive from third-party applications
Linux wins the race in terms of security. Although attack vectors are still being discovered in Linux, open-source technology allows anyone to check for vulnerabilities, making the identification and remediation process faster and easier. Although Windows has made great strides in improving its security system over the years, it is still the primary target of malicious hackers.
7. Run level
A run level is defined as the state of init (the first process to start at startup) and the entire system, which defines which system services are running. While Linux can be stopped at different run levels, Windows restarts at run level 3 so that an administrator can fix the problem that has occurred.
8. Using the command line
In the Linux operating system, the command line is a very practical and powerful tool used for administration and daily tasks. On Windows, the `cmd` command can be used to open a command line and perform a basic set of operations. It has PowerShell to compensate for the limited uses of the command line.
The Linux operating system has had a special focus on system security, process management, and uptime since its release. Over the years, Linux has never lost its focus on these. Therefore, it can be called a notoriously safe and reliable operating system. In contrast, although Microsoft has improved its reliability ratio over the years, it is still not on par with Linux. It has given up many features for ease of use and access, which can lead to system instability and security vulnerabilities, making Windows not very reliable compared to Linux.
10. System updates
On the Linux operating system, the user has full control over when and which updates should be installed. Also, the update process is even faster without rebooting. However, Microsoft Windows is notorious for its random updates that appear at inopportune times. For inexperienced users who don't know much about update settings, there is no other option than to sit back and leave the computer alone while it downloads and installs updates before a reboot is required.
Windows wins the gaming race by a wide margin. Steam, Epic, and many other clients are available to Windows users, offering them the option to play both AAA titles and small indie games. While Linux is slowly making its way into the gaming market, it still has a long way to go with the introduction of beta support for many games. When you buy a Linux operating system, you are missing out on a lot of games. Also, graphics card manufacturers
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